Monday, August 31, 2009

Congenital Cataracts

Congenital cataract is a cloudiness in the lens eye found in the newborn, if in adult people this like myopia.

Congenital cataracts may be caused by:
- Galaktosemia
- Kondrodisplasia syndrome
- Congenital Rubella
- Down syndrome (trisomy 21)
- Pierre-Robin syndrome
- Familial congenital cataract
- Hallerman-Streiff Syndrome
- Serebrohepatorenalis syndrome (Lowe syndrome)
- Trisomy 13
- Conradi's syndrome
- Extodermal dysplasia syndrome
- Syndrome Marinesco-Sj? N.

The murky lens can be seen without the help of special equipment and appear to be whitish in color on the pupils who should black. Infants failed to show visual awareness of the surrounding environment and sometimes there nistagmus (rapid eye movement and unusual).

To make a diagnosis, a complete eye examination by an ophthalmologist.
To find the possible causes, it is necessary examine blood and x-rays.

Cataract should be removed as soon as possible in order to develop a vision functions normally. Cataract removed surgically, followed by the installation intraocular lens. If the cause is unknown, it is the cause of the treatment of congenital cataracts.

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