Monday, August 31, 2009

Congenital glaucoma

Congenital glaucoma is increased pressure inside the eyeball newborn (usually in both eyes). Congenital glaucoma occurs due to a disturbance in the development of fluid drainage from the eye. The disease is often inherited.

Symptoms include:

- Watery eyes
- Sensitive to light
- Red eye
- Cornea appear blurred
- Enlarged cornea.

For congenital glaucoma diagnosis needs to examine using ophthalmoscope.
Regular eye examinations are performed:

- Examination of the retina
- Measurement of pressure intraocular using manometer
- Visual field examination
- Check the sharpness of vision
- Inspection refraction
- Papillary reflex response
- Slit lamp examination.

If not treated, will be enlarged eyeball and almost certainly will happen blindness. Surgery is performed immediately after birth will give the best chance to reduce the pressure in the eye and to maintain visual function.

Other congenital eyes diseases is congenital cataracts.

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